EFFECT OF EDIBLE BIRD NEST:

 

 Cell proliferation, promoted wound healing, improved immune functions.

THE BENEFITS OF NUTRITIONAL COMPONENTS:

 

 The major nutrient components of edible bird nest are high proteins and carbohydrates, and essential trace elements such as calcium, sodium, magnesium, zinc, manganese and iron.

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Raw Unclean Edible Bird's Nest.

 

 Edible Bird's Nest harvested from caves and ranches which may include sorting, grading, trimming, weighing and packing without any cleaning process.

THE BENEFITS OF NUTRITIONAL COMPONENTS.

 

 The major nutrient components of edible bird nest are high proteins and carbohydrates, and essential trace elements such as calcium, sodium, magnesium, zinc, manganese and iron.

Nutritional content.

 

 Effect of edible bird nest on global gene and protein expression of Wharton’s jelly derived human mesenchymal stem cells. the potential medicinal effects of edible bird nest including increased cell proliferation, improved immune functions and promoted wound healing.

 

 Edible bird nest mainly comprises a secretion of the salivary gland of Swiftlet’s nest (Aerodromus Fuciphagus) has been used for centuries whether as a tonic or a health food. Traditional Chinese Medical practitioners believe these edible bird nests could help to cure sicknesses especially those related to lungs. Edible bird nest is also useful for the beauty and aesthetic industry.

 

 Ever since Tang Dynasty (618-708 AD), Edible bird nest (EBN) has been recognized as an important food supplement in Chinese cuisine and pharmaceutical. it was prepared in double boiling manner together with rock sugar to produce a gastronomic delicacy and traditionally Chinese people would consume this tonic food in the form of a delicate bird's nest soup and serve as a remedy for variety purpose. Several early traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) books mentioned the beneficial effects of this alternative food as a remedy in the treatment of flu and respiratory symptoms, and reducing cough. Some of favorable effects of this soup that have been claimed are anti-aging, anti-cancer, immune booster, mucolytic, tuberculosis, gastric uler, hematemesis, aphrodisiac, renal dysfunctions, asthma, cough and energy and metabolism stimulant. Although a number of benefits from consuming EBN have been made, these is still limited number of scientific publications reported to prove such claim. Therefore, this research has been designed in order to prove the involvement of EBN in reducing cholesterol in mammalian cells particularly human liver cell.

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 These nests are produced by edible-bird nest swiftlets in premises where the parameters are similar to the natural cave dwelling of edible-bird nest swiftlets. e.g., House Edible Bird Nest.

NUTRITIONAL

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HISTORY

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RAW CLEAN EDIBLE BIRD'S NEST.

 

 This is Edible Bird Nest harvested from ranches that has undergone cleaning processes such as sorting, soaking, picking of feathers and impurities, moulding, drying, grading and packing. This also stipulates the quality and authenticity requirement for the raw edible bird nest from the perspectives of microbial load/contamination, nutritional content (protein, minerals, moisture) and contamination from heavy metals (lead, arsenic, mercury, cadmium and other metals under the control of Ministry of Health, Malaysia (Food Act 1985 and Food Regulation 1985) and residue (particularly nitrites (NO2) and nitrate).

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SWIFTLET'S NEST

 Edible bird’s nests found in Malaysia are from the swiftlet species. Their size is about that of a sparrow with wingspan wider than that of a pigeon. Swiftlets feed on insects caught in flight such as from the order winged ants, fig wasps, bees, flies, small beetles, leafhoppers and mayflies.

 

 They construct their nests with glutinous strands of starch like saliva produced by a pair of large, salivary glands under their tongue and thereafter mate and breed their young in the nest. Edible-Bird Nest is produced by swiftlet bird from their salivary glands and this high value secretion is called edible-bird nest which is consumed.

 

 Swiftlets build their nests using fluid released from their salivary glands, which harden on exposure to air. There are two species of edible nest-producing swiftlets, namely aerodramus fuciphagus and Aerodramus maximus, both are commonly found in southeast Asian countries. Edible bird’s nests harvested from caves and bird nests from premises specially made for the swiftlet industry.

 

 Research on edible bird's nest shows nutritional contents of carbohydrates, amino acids and minerals, with Glycoproteins in carbohydrate being the main ingredient. Swiftlet nest is rich in sialic acid which is purported to contribute to neurological and intellectual development in infants.

 

 Amino acids and minerals are also important components of edible bird nest. The amino acid contents consist of tree non-essential types: aspartic acid, glutamic acid and praline acid; and two essential types: threonine and valine. They contribute to normal body functions such as immune system and tissue repair. 

 

 Swiftlet Ranching.

 Ranching Edible-Bird Nest Produced by edible-bird nest swiftlets from their salivary glands and this high value secretion is called edible-bird nest which is consumed or used by humans.

 

 These nests are produced by edible-bird nest swiftlets in premises where the parameters are similar to the natural cave dwelling of edible-bird nest swiftlets eg. House EBN

 

 There are two species of edible nest-producing swiftlets, namely aerodramus fuciphagus and Aerodramus maximus, both are commonly found in southeast Asian countries.

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HISTORY OF BIRD NEST.

 

 Bird nest was considered delicacies among the rich and royal household then. The consumption of bird nest has existed since the Tang, Ming and Qing dynasties in China with the earliest documented record of the bird nest trade was found in the journal of Chinese trader and explorer, Admiral Chen Ho in the year 1500s. Traditionally used as a food delicacy, EBN is also an important ingredient in traditional Chinese medicine for health enhancing effects ranging from enhancing complexion and strengthening the immune system.

 

History of Bird Nest Industry in Malaysia.

 

 The practice of harvesting bird nest from the limestone caves began many centuries ago by the local inhabitants that dwell along the peninsula coast of Malaya and the Borneo Island states of Sarawak and Sabah. The practice of harvesting cave nests began in Niah Cave, Sarawak more than 100 years ago (1878). 

 

 The practice of encouraging swiflets that build the edible bird nest began more than 60 years ago by farmers which later spread to all the Malay Archipelago. In Malaysia, the record of establishing house swiftlets farming began about 50 years ago confined to harvesting bird nest in old non-inhabited buildings. The innovation developed by introducing bird calling was developed thereafter with mushrooming of the swiftlets ranching premises all over the country. To date there more 50,000 bird nest houses in peninsular Malaysia and about 3,000 each in Sabah and Sarawak. Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan and China are major importers of bird nests from Malaysia mainly in the form of raw, un-cleaned bird nests.

 

 The more organized swiftlet industry began sometimes in 1990 when shop houses were converted into bird house by interior modification of the building in addition to introducing artificial birdcall that mimic stressed or little fledgling (new-born swiflets). The Government of Malaysia through the local municipal government regulated the building conversion. In 2003, the Department of Veterinary Services (DVS), Ministry of Agriculture started to develop guidelines for the ranching, harvest, processing and manufacturing of the EBN to be applied on a voluntary basis by the operator. However, in 2008, a more detailed and comprehensive guidelines was developed that received the endorsement of the Malaysian Cabinet in April 2009 that entrusted the DVS to assume the role of lead agency to spearhead the development of the modern EBN industry as seen today.